Hey! You’ve added a new member to your little family! Cute, energetic, entertaining, faithful, and a family-friendly dog.
Is he purebred? Have you ever wondered how to tell if a dog is purebred?
I have gone through the same situation and know how it feels. I ended up Googling, turning many leaflets, going through research and blogs to identify my dog’s breed.
Fortunately, I have come across some surprising facts which I penned down. I have written this article to share everything I know and have learned about how to discover the breed of a dog.
Take a few minutes out of your busy schedule and learn the best ways to find out if your dog is purebred.
Let’s get started.
How to Tell if a Dog is Purebred?
The best way to tell if a dog is purebred is undoubtedly by checking the pedigree papers, aka your pup’s family tree. However, If you do not have any papers or health / DNA background, you can always talk to your vet or do a professional DNA test.
Purebred Definition – What does Purebred Mean?
A purebred is defined as a domestic animal that is bred by parents of his own breed. The definition simply entails that a purebred puppy has the same breed parents; for instance, a Border Collie is bred with another Border Collie.
A purebred dog subsidizes predictability.
It means a puppy will look exactly like his parents with respect to size, color, weight, coat texture, and temperament.
Generally, all pedigrees have the same level of temperament, but it can vary from one individual to another.
Purebred dogs are a little expensive because breeders cover up all expenses such as medical, food supplements, vaccination, timely check-up, stud bills, and more.
What are the ways to Tell if Your Dog is Purebred?
You have bought a new puppy and now want to know whether he is purebred or not. Looking at his attributes and comparing them with other dog breeds is quite simple. However, it may not be an ideal option.
We have prepared a list of things on how to tell if your dog is purebred.
#1 Arrange a DNA Test
How to tell if a dog is purebred?
The answer is quite simple! Arrange your pup’s DNA test!
Many places offer online services, or you can even send off your dog to a laboratory or simply order an Embark Dog DNA Test Kit for breed identification and genetic health screening.
Read more about it in this guide: What breed is my dog
#2 Check his Pedigree Papers (aka The Family Tree)
The American Kennel Club (AKC) recognizes 184 dog breeds. You can uncover your dog’s type by taking a glance over personality traits and visual markers shown in the breed standard of AKC.
If you have a colossal feathery dog, flip through the Newfoundland dogs, Bernese mountain dogs, Saint Bernard dogs descriptions. If you’re still not sure, you can check through the pictures, personality attributes, and physical description.
When it comes to purebred dogs, AKC will only register them as pedigrees because they are more likely to be purebred.
They give details of all five generations of your pup’s ancestors, revealing exactly who they were and the changes that occur in their lifespan.
Checking the pedigree papers, aka the family tree of your pup, is undoubtedly the best way to know if a dog is purebred.
How to read a pedigree?
In this video you can learn how to easily read a dog’s pedigree:
#3 Consult an expert
A dog specialist or a professional breeder has a comprehensive insight into all dog species. They can guide you about your dog’s type, medical conditions, personality traits, and genetic issues.
Consult an expert to acquire all information and to know if your dog is purebred.
#4 Compare Your Dog With the Breed Standard
Every dog breed has specific physical or morphological characteristics, productive performance, or genetics for which they are known. The breed description is known as a breed standard.
Most breed standards integrate pictures demonstrating specific features and their description, personality types, and distinctive peculiarities.
To reach a verdict on whether your dog is purebred, you can compare him with the breed standards. However, purebreds can be mispointed when it comes right down to their color.
They can be a pedigree with a splotch of colors on their chest and feet that a breed standard doesn’t entail. This surely doesn’t mean they are not pedigree.
Comparing puppies with the breed standard is a perfect pick for getting a general idea of what type of dog breed you have, but it can be sophistical sometimes.
#5 Consult Your Vet
An experienced veterinarian can give the utmost idea about your pup’s genesis. They have seen all dog breeds coming to their doorstep and treating their breed-specific conditions and medical concerns.
All dog breeds come with their own health backpack; for instance, German Shepherds are prone to vision problems, eczema, hip dialysis, and progressive paralysis. Whereas Golden Retrievers are susceptible to cancer disease.
In summation, your veterinarian can determine your pup’s origin by looking at his health characteristics.
#6 Predicting Based on Physical Characteristics
Purebred dogs were cultivated with selective breeding, which means dogs with specific traits and genes are bred; however, dogs with different traits were not bred.
Purebred dogs are distinguished from other dog breeds with their predicting physical traits such as size, color, coat, and weight. Some of the characteristics are penned down.
Purebred dogs have been bred for generations with specific traits and temperaments. Their temperament depends upon genetics.
If you’re looking for a high-energy, friendly, and high-spirit dog, purebreds can be the perfect option. The purebred dog’s temperament is more likely to be predicted when compared with a mixed breed.
#6.2 Working Behavior
Are you seeking a guard dog? A hunting dog? Dog to herd sheep? Pull a sled? Or a dog to dig for truffles?
Purebred dogs are the one!
They have an absolute working behavior and are a great choice for specific functions.
Every purebred dog comes with a hidden coat color. However, the coat color may also vary as per their genetic characteristics.
#6.4 Colour, Size, and Weight
Each physical trait depends upon the dog’s parents and ancestors. Read more about dog’s physical traits in this guide.
#7 Additional Identifying Factors
The additional identifying factor is unluckily the health concerns that come along with a purebred. A purebred is prone to many health concerns where an owner gets stuck.
For instance, Golden Retrievers shed heavily, and they need weekly maintenance to control shedding.
Other health concerns include eye disease, joint disorder, crippling bones, and much more.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What Qualifies a dog as purebred?
Dogs whose parents and ancestors belong to the same breed are referred to as purebred dogs. In other words, the five generations appear to belong to the same family tree and confirm a specific breed standard. Dogs with above 87.5% of full-blood genetics are qualified as purebred.
Can a DNA test prove a dog is purebred?
A DNA test cannot directly reveal whether a dog is purebred or not. However, it can uncover the parentage of a dog and how closely they correlate with the genetic features of the breed.
How can I prove my dog is purebred without papers?
The registration process cannot change the dog’s genetics or DNA. He can be a purebred without papers, and he can have papers without being a purebred. The DNA test can reveal either your puppy is really purebred.
Note: Use Embark Dog DNA Test Kit to identify a dog’s breed, type, and variety.
What dogs are not purebred?
Mixed or hybrid dog breeds are not recognized as purebred. They are the combination of two or more purebred dogs, for instance, mongrel or mutt dog breeds.
Where to find/buy/adopt purebred dogs?
Surprisingly, purebred dogs are everywhere. You can find or adopt purebred dogs from rescue groups, shelters, and newspapers. You can buy them from a breeder or a pet store.
How to tell if a dog is purebred is not rocket science. Any expert veterinarian or a professional breeder can reveal the answer simply by looking at a dog’s traits and health concerns.
Though purebreds are good companions and hosts, they are prone to several health diseases, including cancer, digestive disorder, liver and kidney disease, and whatnot.
In a nutshell, purebreds are a good choice if you know which traits you want in a dog, if you’re willing to accept all potential health problems, and if you’re ready to pay a bag of bucks for a cute little fur baby.
Tip: if you find purebreds expensive, you can adopt them from a rescue group or animal shelter.
Let’s close this blog post with the easiest way to determine your dog’s breed.
And that is: DNA Test Embark!
For what reasons? If that’s still a question, here are some.
- It’s a cheek swab-type test. Non-invasive and painless!
- Capable of distinguishing between 350 dog breeds
I highly acknowledge the time and efforts you put into reading the article. I hope this adds value to you and your puppy’s life.
P.S. If you require any further details on the specified topic of how to tell if a dog is purebred, feel free to contact me!